Here is your 10 step guide on how to have healthy gums
Looking after your teeth and gums can prevent gum disease. This means adopting good habits in oral hygiene and getting regular professional check-ups.
- Brush your teeth twice a day (first thing in the morning and last thing at night) using an electric toothbrush, for at least 2 minutes each time.
- Cleaning in between your teeth at least once a day using interdental brushes or floss.
- Use of other adjuncts like a tongue scraper or mouthwash may be helpful.
- Don’t ignore any initial signs of gum disease such as bleeding gums and bad breath.
- Find out if anyone in your family such as siblings suffer from gum/periodontal disease and be extra vigilant if they do as it can run in families.
- Go for regular gum screens with your dentist/hygienist so if gum disease does develop it can be picked up early.
- Have regular (3-6 monthly) professional cleaning with your hygienist.
- Ensure you’ve had a general health screen as conditions such as diabetes can have a significant influence on the health of the gums.
- Eat well to include a balanced diet of fruit and vegetables.
- Don’t embark on any other complicated treatment e.g. braces or dental implants, until your gums are healthy.
For more information on healthy gums, gum disease, dental and articles, make sure to read our other blogs.
More information on periodontal can be found on the British Society of Periodontology and Implant dentistry website.
Should You See a Periodontist?
Not all dentists are born equal. All dentists have a dentistry degree, but if you want to be specialised, another degree in the area you want to be specialised in is required. For example, a periodontist has a degree specialising in periodontology, which involves examining the structures around the teeth, such as the gums and the bone.
A periodontist treats gum diseases non-surgically and surgically. Surgery can also be performed to treat gum recessions, which is when the gums are receding.
The opposite of that is treating gummy smiles by performing what we call a ‘gum lift’ to look nicer, for personal aesthetic reasons. Sometimes, someone’s smile can reveal a lot of gum so that their lip appears quite high. For people that feel they have extra gum that is interfering with their image, we can perform a gum-lift (which you can see before and after images of on our Instagram).
Here are a few things you should know before deciding whether you should visit a periodontist.
What causes bad breath?
How do you know if you have gum disease?
Can gum disease indicate other health problems?
How should you maintain dental healthcare?
When should you see a periodontist?
Do you need to see a specialist clinic?
What causes bad breath?
Bad breath, which is also known as halitosis, is a result of the bad odours produced by bacteria trapped by the surface of your tongue or within your gum pockets. Bad breath can be embarrassing or even cause anxiety.
There are two causes of bad breath. One cause is tongue coating, which is why tongue cleaning is so important. The other cause of bad breath is gum disease. Even more so, in light of the pandemic, since everyone has their masks on.
How do you know if you have gum disease?
Gum disease is not always visually apparent. Red gums can be a sign of gum disease, but some people’s gums can look completely normal whilst suffering from severe gum disease.
Other telltale signs of gum disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Swelling of the gums
- Poor bone support
Loose teeth are a really important indicator of gum disease. On top of that, swelling of gums and poor bone support may cause the position of teeth to drift and change, and gaps may start opening up between the teeth. Patients don’t always feel pain, but that can also be a sign.
Most people start noticing they might have something wrong when their smile begins to look different.
Can gum disease indicate other health problems?
A recent hot topic is looking into the link between gum disease and general health. Your gums can affect your risk of getting heart disease or otherwise be an indication of diabetes. Your body is intricate and interconnected, so it is not surprising that these links exist as your mouth is connected to your body.
How should you maintain dental care?
More and more young children, as well as young adults in their early twenties, are succumbing to gum disease. This is quite worrying.
As soon as your first teeth come through good dental care is extremely important. Some might think that dummies may be a concern. Dummies for children can affect the growth of teeth but only once the teeth start developing. It does not have a significant effect on the gums.
Instead, there should be more education on how to brush your teeth as people are not completely aware of how they should really be doing it. It is not as easy as some might think. Though, there are some quite simple things you should know, such as using a toothpaste that contains fluoride and ensuring you are brushing well and thoroughly.
Once the baby teeth fall out, flossing is a habit that is important to maintain as soon as your adult teeth start to come in. It is important to floss as soon as possible. The best tool for flossing for adults is interdental brushes. These are brushes that are designed to be used in between your teeth. It is more effective than flossing so it is the method that we promote to our patients, especially those with gum disease.
Whilst some might believe that adding toothpaste to your interdental brush would prove more effective it is not necessary. You can use it plain, then wash it each time you use it. However, it is important to replace the brushes every few days.
If you have healthy gums, then you should have your teeth for life. The common stereotype is that you lose your teeth when you age. However, we have a lot of patients who are in their 80s who still have healthy teeth, and the current generation also have expectations to keep their teeth for life.
Getting into good habits from an early age is critical for reaping the long-term benefits. Gum disease is preventable, therefore it makes sense that maintaining good habits serves as a preventative measure to actually getting gum disease.
When should you see a periodontist?
Whether you should see a periodontist depends on the level of risk. Gum disease patients normally need to see a good hygienist every three months. Whilst gum disease is preventable, it is not something that can really be cured but instead stabilised.
Regardless of whether you need care every three months or six months, it is advisable that everyone refers to professionals for their hygiene and cleaning from the very beginning and consistently if they want to maintain their dental care.
Do you need to see a specialist clinic?
If a patient does not think they have gum disease but wants to refer to a good hygienist under a specialist clinic, they can book a hygienist directly. The treatment that follows is called Polish and Perfect.
This treatment has three tiers.
The investment for this treatment is £250. The patient receives an assessment and tailored oral hygiene instructions. They also receive a full mouth cleanse using airflow, which removes any stains that a normal hygienist scale and polish wouldn’t do.
Polish and Perfect Maintenance
The investment for this is £200, which is more cost-effective after the patient has already been to our practice once for their initial assessment. They can continue with the maintenance of their dental care.
Polish and Perfect Whitening
This is a tier we have recently introduced. This is for people who now have healthy teeth and gums but can moreover invest in the appearance of their smile. The whitening package is £595.
Make sure to read our other blogs for more information.
Learn whether gum recession is reversible by experts at RW Perio
Gum Recession: Causes and Reversibility
Gum recession is a common dental issue that occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth begins to pull back; exposing more of the tooth’s root. This can lead to sensitivity, tooth decay, and even tooth loss if left untreated. Read further to learn about the causes of gum recession. We’ll discuss the periodontal methods of treatment that can help to reverse this condition.
Causes of Gum Recession
Several factors can contribute to gum recession. The most common causes include:
Brushing too hard
Aggressive brushing can cause the gums to recede, as the bristles can irritate and damage the gum tissue.
Also known as gum disease, this bacterial infection can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, leading to recession.
Some people may be more prone to gum recession due to genetic factors.
Misaligned teeth can place extra stress on the gums, causing them to recede.
Hormonal changes in the body, such as pregnancy, can cause the gums to become more sensitive and prone to recession.
Smoking or using other forms of tobacco can increase the risk of receding gums.
Periodontal Methods of Treatment
If you are experiencing gum recession, it is important to seek treatment from a periodontist – a dentist who specialises in the treatment of the gums and bones that support the teeth. There are several periodontal methods that can be used to help reverse this and prevent further damage.
Non-Surgical Treatment: This is a non-surgical procedure that involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and smoothing out the roots to help prevent bacteria from re-establishing themselves.
Gum Grafting: In this procedure, a small amount of gum tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth and used to cover the exposed roots of the teeth. This can help to protect the roots from decay and sensitivity.
Bone Grafting: In cases where the bone has been lost due to periodontal disease, bone grafting can be used to rebuild the bone and provide a foundation for the gums to reattach to the teeth.
Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage caused. The type of surgery will depend on the severity of the recession and the overall health of the patient.
Aggressive brushing, periodontal disease, genetics, and tobacco use can cause gum recession, a common dental issue. A periodontist and proper treatment can reverse this condition and prevent further damage to the teeth and gums.
If you are experiencing symptoms of this condition, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible to prevent the condition from worsening.
Follow us on Instagram to see all our before and after posts regarding receding gum treatments!
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We often get asked a lot of questions when it comes to what we do, how we operate and more, so we wanted to create this short article with answers to some of our most common questions.
What is RW Perio?
RW Perio is a specialist periodontal clinic founded by Dr Reena Wadia. We provide specialist treatment for periodontitis, gum recession and crown lengthening.
How can you refer?
The easiest way to refer is via the website. Just need to go here.
The process is fast, simple and effective. You can also email us on [email protected] or call 020 7112 9036.
What is the average waiting time for appointments?
This can vary, but it’s usually two weeks. However, if your patient does require an urgent appointment, we can aim to make special provision.
How will you keep me updated?
We work around you. Usually for most referrers, this is via email however we can work how you prefer. We’ll keep you up to date at every point – when we receive the referral, when the patient books in and all the clinical stages thereafter.
How long do patients usually remain with you?
Once a treatment is complete, depending on the situation, we usually keep them on here for a year for maintenance. But after that, we’ll discharge them back to your care for long term maintenance, or if you prefer, we can also look after them here.
What should my patient expect during the First appointment?
The first appointment is the specialist consultation and usually takes up to 60 minutes and we discuss the patient’s main concerns. We complete a detailed assessment, take radiographs, and then also go through the proposed treatment plan. Appointments are booked in on the day and the patient will receive a clinical report by the end of the day.
Can I attend with my patient?
Yes, you can attend with your patient. Just let us know and we can make special provision.
Will Dr. Reena see my patients personally?
Yes, Dr. Reena will be involved throughout the treatment plan and her team work directly under her specialist prescription. Our team of specialists and hygienists all work together to provide the best care for your patient.
Do you offer finance plans?
Yes, subject to approval from our third-party finance provider we offer finance plans to all patients and payments can be split over 3, 6 or 10 months. The finance plan is interest-free. To give you an example for a severe generalised periodontitis case, you’re looking at around £200 a month, over 10 months.
If you have more questions or would like to refer, please get in touch with the team who will be happy to help.
Gum Aesthetics – Specialist Dentistry for a Health-First Smile Design
Gum aesthetics are at the forefront of specialist dentistry and these “tweakments” can dramatically improve the overall smile.
The focus across the wider aesthetic industry has predominantly been on Botox and fillers over the past few years, with more and more media stories covering the side effects of reversing the results due to overactive use.
However, at RW Perio, London’s Leading Gum Specialists with their high-tech clinic located in the heart of Harley Street, the focus has moved to the design and shape of the actual smile, with patients adopting a health first approach.
The demand for gum aesthetic treatments has a growing waiting list, covering everything from gum lifts/gum sculpting to correction of gum recession. Often, many people are unaware that these treatments are available with minimal disruption to your lifestyle during the procedure, with fast recovery and little downtime afterwards.
‘We specialise in gum aesthetics which is now at the forefront of specialist dentistry – people were not aware of how we can redesign their smile with minimal down time’ – Dr Reena
A Fast and Effective Aesthetic Treatment for a “Gummy Smile”
A gum lift is one of the most requested aesthetic treatments (and one of the most rewarding with results visible immediately) and is also referred to as ‘Crown lengthening’.
The procedure removes gum and bone tissues, exposing more of the tooth. This is the ideal and sought-after cosmetic procedure option for patients with a “gummy smile,” which means you have too much gum tissue around your teeth.
The treatment length depends on how many teeth are affected and the amount of gum and bone around your teeth. During your appointment local anaesthetic is applied to the area to ensure you remain fully comfortable. Then the gum tissue will be cut into to expose the tooth roots and bone tissue. Sometimes only gum is removed but usually both gum and bone require reshaping.
The procedure is fast and effective with patients requiring minimal painkillers (such as paracetamol or ibuprofen) and they can usually return to work the next day. To facilitate the healing process be prepared to avoid strenuous activities and stick to soft foods that will not irritate the fresh wound on the days immediately following the procedure.
The gum lift may take up to three months to heal completely however a personalised aftercare plan will be tailored specifically for your case.
Gum Recession and How to Prevent It with the RW Perio Preventive Procedure
On closer examination of the ageing process, people often see their smile literally receding before their eyes. The gum tissue recedes and lowers its position on the tooth, exposing the roots of the teeth, and causing gum recession (as it is clinically known). Plaque, overly aggressive brushing, or trauma from lip/tongue piercings often causes the recession over a period of time.
Your risk of recession increases based on tooth position in the jaw and gum/bone thickness. One of the most requested gum aesthetic procedures on Harley Street is the RW Perio Preventive.
This includes using a small piece of tissue from the palate as a graft to address a deficient area. We would also pull the gum over the root as much as possible. This thickens the gums, helps facilitate oral hygiene, improves aesthetics and helps prevent further recession.
Book a consultation with us today!
Maintaining healthy gums is crucial for overall oral health, but did you know that what you eat can have a significant impact on the health of your gums? Poor nutrition can lead to gum disease, which can cause gum inflammation, bleeding, and even tooth loss. On the other hand, a healthy diet can improve gum health and prevent gum disease.
Let’s explore the link between nutrition and gum health, and provide some tips on the best foods to eat and those to avoid for healthy gums.
The Link Between Nutrition and Gum Health
The nutrients that we consume play a critical role in our overall health, including the health of our gums. Nutrients like vitamin C, vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus can all help to strengthen and maintain healthy gums. In contrast, a diet that is high in sugar and carbohydrates can lead to the growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth that can cause gum disease.
Foods to Include in Your Diet for Healthy Gums
To improve gum health, it’s essential to eat a balanced diet that is rich in nutrients that are beneficial for the gums. Some examples of foods that are beneficial for gum health include leafy greens like spinach and kale, nuts like almonds and cashews, and dairy products like cheese and milk. These foods are rich in calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus, all of which are essential for strong teeth and healthy gums.
Your Daily Greens
Leafy greens like spinach and kale are some of the best foods for promoting strong teeth and healthy gums. These greens are packed with essential vitamins and minerals like calcium, magnesium, and vitamin K, which are crucial for maintaining healthy bones and teeth. Calcium is essential for building strong teeth and preventing tooth decay, while magnesium helps to absorb and utilise calcium effectively. Vitamin K is also essential for maintaining healthy gums, as it helps to prevent bleeding and inflammation.
Don’t Skip The Nuts
Nuts like almonds and cashews are another excellent choice for promoting healthy teeth and gums. Nuts are a great source of protein and healthy fats, as well as essential minerals like calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. Calcium and phosphorus are both essential for strengthening teeth and bones, while magnesium helps to absorb and utilise calcium effectively. Additionally, the chewing motion required to eat nuts can help to stimulate the production of saliva, which can help to wash away harmful bacteria and acids from the mouth.
Strong Teeth with Dairy
Dairy products like cheese and milk are also essential for promoting strong teeth and healthy gums. Dairy products are rich in calcium, which is one of the primary building blocks of healthy teeth and bones. Additionally, dairy products like cheese and milk also contain casein, a type of protein that helps to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. Consuming dairy products regularly can also help to neutralise harmful acids in the mouth, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease.
Foods to Avoid for Healthy Gums
While some foods are beneficial for gum health, others can be harmful. Sugary foods and drinks like soda and candy can cause harmful bacteria to grow in the mouth, leading to gum disease. Acidic drinks like citrus juices and sports drinks can also be harmful, as they can erode tooth enamel and lead to gum sensitivity.
When we consume sugary foods and drinks, the bacteria in our mouth feed on the sugars, producing acid as a byproduct. This acid can erode tooth enamel, leading to tooth decay and cavities. If left untreated, tooth decay can progress to the deeper layers of the tooth, leading to more severe dental problems like gum disease.
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the tissues and bones that support the teeth. When harmful bacteria in the mouth accumulate and form plaque, it can irritate and inflame the gums, leading to gingivitis. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, characterised by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that affects the deeper tissues and bones that support the teeth. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss, as the bone that supports the teeth is gradually destroyed by the bacterial infection.
Consuming sugary foods and drinks can also increase the risk of developing other health problems that are linked to gum disease, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. This is because the inflammation and infection that occur in the gums can spread to other parts of the body, causing systemic inflammation and increasing the risk of chronic diseases.
How to Maintain Good Nutrition for Gum Health
Maintaining good nutrition for gum health is all about balance. Eating a variety of nutrient-rich foods while avoiding sugary and acidic foods is key. It’s also important to practise good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly, and getting regular cleaning and check-up. Contact our team of periodontists for a professional and specialised check-up and treatment plan to achieve healthy gums.
Start Your Periodontal Journey Today
Maintaining healthy gums starts with good nutrition. By eating a balanced diet that is rich in nutrients that are beneficial for the gums, while avoiding sugary and acidic foods, you can improve your gum health and prevent gum disease. Remember to practise good oral hygiene and visit your periodontist regularly for the best results. Let’s all make healthy dietary choices for better oral health.
According to the National Health Service (NHS), gum disease affects approximately 50% of adults in the UK, making it a prevalent oral health issue. By paying attention to our diets, we can improve our gum health and prevent gum disease, leading to a healthier and happier smile.
Gum pockets, also known as periodontal pockets, are spaces that develop between the gums and teeth due to gum disease. These pockets can lead to various oral health issues if left untreated.
In this blog, we will explore the impact of gum pocket reduction surgery, a procedure aimed at improving oral health outcomes. Additionally, we will discuss recent UK statistics on gum disease and the importance of addressing this widespread issue.
Understanding Gum Pockets
Plaque and bacteria accumulating along the gum line are the root causes of gum pockets. This build-up leads to inflammation and the gradual separation of the gums from the teeth, forming pockets. If left untreated, gum pockets can have severe health implications, such as gum recession, tooth loss, and even systemic health problems. Early detection and treatment are crucial to preventing the progression of gum disease. Recent statistics from the UK indicate a significant prevalence of gum disease, highlighting the need for effective interventions.
A periodontist will perform gum pocket reduction surgery, also known as periodontal flap surgery, to remove or lessen the depth of gum pockets. The surgical process involves lifting the gums and accessing the underlying diseased tissue to thoroughly clean and remove bacteria and plaque. Different techniques and approaches may be used, depending on the severity and extent of the gum disease. Pre-operative preparations and considerations, including a comprehensive evaluation of oral health, are necessary for successful outcomes.
Benefits of Gum Pocket Reduction Surgery
Gum pocket reduction surgery offers several benefits. Firstly, it improves oral health outcomes by eliminating disease-causing bacteria and promoting gum tissue reattachment to the teeth. Secondly, it helps reduce the progression of periodontal disease, preventing further damage to the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Additionally, the procedure can enhance aesthetics and boost smile confidence. There is also evidence suggesting that addressing gum disease can positively impact overall health, as it may reduce the risk of certain systemic conditions linked to oral health.
Recovery and Post-operative Care
During the recovery period, it is essential to follow the post-operative instructions provided by the periodontist. Discomfort and pain can be managed with prescribed medications and home remedies such as ice packs. Maintaining oral hygiene is crucial, but special care should be taken to avoid the surgical site. Gentle rinsing with salt water or a prescribed antimicrobial mouthwash can aid in keeping the area clean. Regular follow-up appointments are necessary to monitor healing progress and ensure long-term maintenance.
Potential Risks and Complications
As with any surgical procedure, gum pocket reduction surgery carries some risks and potential complications. These can include bleeding, infection, swelling, and discomfort. However, choosing an experienced periodontist and following their post-operative
instructions can help minimize these risks and promote successful outcomes. It is important to have open communication with the periodontist to address any concerns or complications that may arise.
Success Stories and Patient Experiences
Personal narratives and testimonials from individuals who have undergone gum pocket reduction surgery can provide valuable insights. These stories can highlight the positive impact of the procedure on their oral health and quality of life. It is always beneficial to learn from other people’s experiences and gain a better understanding of the potential benefits of gum pocket reduction surgery. Here, you can see the successful smile stories of our patients at RW Perio.
While surgery is an effective treatment option, there are non-surgical alternatives available for managing gum pockets. These may include professional deep cleanings, scaling and root planing, and laser therapy. Additionally, practising good oral hygiene at home, such as regular brushing, flossing and using an antimicrobial mouthwash, can help prevent gum pocket progression. Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy diet, also contribute to better gum health.
Gum pocket reduction surgery plays a vital role in addressing gum pockets and improving overall oral health. By undergoing this procedure, individuals can expect significant benefits, including the elimination of disease-causing bacteria, reduced progression of periodontal disease, improved aesthetics, and potentially enhanced overall health. It is important for individuals with gum pockets to seek professional treatment. Ignoring gum disease can lead to serious consequences, such as tooth loss and an increased risk of systemic health issues. Recent statistics from the UK emphasise the prevalence of gum disease and highlight the need for effective interventions to address this widespread problem.
Gum pocket reduction surgery is a valuable option for individuals with gum pockets. By understanding the causes and implications of gum pockets, as well as the surgical procedure itself, individuals can make informed decisions about their oral health. The positive impact of reduction surgery on oral health and overall well-being is significant. By choosing an experienced periodontist at RW Perio, following post-operative care instructions, and maintaining regular dental visits, individuals can take control of their oral health and experience the benefits of gum pocket reduction surgery. Let us prioritise our oral health and address gum disease to ensure a healthier smile and a better quality of life. Book an appointment with our specialists today.
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